14 May 2018

Orbismesh Using NEO Smart Economy To Redefine How We Receive Messages

A Global Bluetooth Connectivity Vision

Orbis is a NEO blockchain powered infrastructure focused on enhancing local networks in order to make these networks more accessible on a global and international scale. At the same time Orbis will incentivise it’s system to enable both published dApp developers as well as consumers participate in the infrastructure.

Orbis will make use of local Bluetooth connectivity in order to develop secure many-to-many (M:M) data communities through a mesh network that will be driven by NEO blockchain technology. Orbis has decentralized applications or dApps in crowdsourced networks, IoT development and systems integrations. It has developed a multi-functional and highly dynamic system for developers to enhance the infrastructure and for consumers to utilise it. To achieve this multi-functional and dynamic system, Orbis has developed major components such as it’s OrbiStore, OrbisWeb and OrbisToken or OBT.

  • The OrbiStore is where developers can publish decentralised applications or dApps while receiving OBT developer tools. It is also where consumers can purchase “paid apps” using their minted OBTs.
  • OrbisWeb is the network where consumers can actively participate by registering their mobile devices and becoming nodes. Here they can help to receive and forward messages through their Bluetooth as part of a global network power by the NEO Smart Economy. Consumers will earn OBTs just for participating in the network.
  • OrbisToken or OBT are minted tokens/coins and given to consumers for their participation in the infrastructure. They are also used by consumers to purchase “paid app” in the OrbiStore. OBTs are equally used to reward developers for their contribution to the OrbiStore by way of published dApps.


The Benefits Of The Mesh Network

The mesh network which is what Orbis all about offer the following benefits;

  • There is no risk of infrastructural damage due to natural disasters for example.
  • There is no need for expensive connectivity implementations especially in a low-connectivity region such as a rural area, an underpass or subway tunnel.
  • If wired access points cannot be run in regions that are virtually impossible to maneuver due to complex terrains, then wireless mesh is a viable solution. This is because nodes on the OrbisWeb can be deployed to receive and forward traffic with limitless ease. The mesh network is faster, cost effective and does not require specialised skills and expertise to operate.


Possible Challenges Faced By Orbismesh

There are essentially five possible challenges faced by the pre-standard mesh implementation, they include;

  1. Limitation in the pre-standard mesh implementation: Where there is a dearth in product interoperability in the pre-standard mesh implementation.
  2. An ever growing complex system: The nodes on the OrbisWeb network will need to carry out two basic functions which include; to act as a router and to send messages. This will make the system a really complex one eventually.
  3. A lack of proper network planning: Poor planning can lead to unnecessary inclusion of nodes just to offset the poor latency for example.
  4. The issue of latency: This is hinged on the protocol that Orbis will utilise as well as the latency that a person’s dApp requires.
  5. The issue of power consumption: Each node within the mesh acts as both an endpoint and a router which means they need loads of power to function properly.


Proffered Solutions To Each Challenge

  1. Where consumers have a standard 802.11 access network, several mesh vendor’s products will interoperate in a more transparent fashion with the legacy access points. This will work very well in both the enterprise and consumer applications where the mesh is much more promising.
  2. The merits and demerits of any additional sensor to the mesh with the intention of improving the Bluetooth connectivity service range will be considered.
  3. Proper network planning as well as advanced proper solutions will be implemented.
  4. Careful consideration will be given to both the required protocol and the latency application needed.
  5. Proper network topology planning is needed. The application being used will also be examined with the intention of proffering the best power consumption alternative.


A Real World Use Case

The mesh network makes use of nodes which are basically consumer mobile devices with the help of both the Android or iOS apps. To avoid data congestion the packets (data/messages) sent over mobile nodes will need relay counters ticking down every time the packet is relayed. Once it reaches zero, the packet will no longer be relayed.

At the developer’s request those stationary nodes can be programmed to relay without changing the relay counter. To prevent data congestion, node devices will hold on to small message caches in order to avoid relaying any duplicate message.

A real world use case in relation to “Range Extension” involves two individuals living in two different parts of the world. Pete lives in Sydney, Australia and has recently joined the OrbisWeb infrastructure as a consumer node, he wants to send a Bluetooth message to a pal of his named Charles living in Detroit, U.S. Pete sends the message through the OrbisWeb network and the message is broadcast on the network. The message is received by another node on the network and through an intricate web of nodes gets relayed until it eventually gets to Charles who then receives the message all this happening in a very short space of time.

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